"We are broke but we have Austria. " --Hermann Wilhelm Göring
In the damp dark streets of early morning Vienna, SS Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler's agents raced to find one of the biggest ideological enemies of the Nazi state--a 58-year-old Ludwig von Mises. A political economist and critic of the socialist state, von Mises narrowly managed to flee to Switzerland just as his would-be captors were closing in.
Himmler and his Nazi thugs had another reason to find and kill von Mises. It was 1938 and he and other enemies of Hitler's state--Jews, like von Mises as well as anti-socialists reformers--held private wealth the Nazi war machine desperately needed to keep running.
The Nazi Party rose to power in when their leader, Adolf Hitler was appointed Germany's Chancellor 1933. Hitler has achieved this position by hammering at two powerful themes: restoring the German supremacy robbed by the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, and "the Jewish question." Hitler dreamed of uniting "racially desirable" Germans in a new and powerful state. But this unison could not happen without first weeding out the rest of Germany (i.e. Jews as well as homosexuals, gypsies, and freemasons, among others).