Thursday, May 7, 2015

Get Prepared: The Government War on Cash May Result in a 'Cash Recall' of All $50 and $100 Bills

By Mark Nestmann

Cash has never been a popular asset with the totalitarian set. It’s difficult, if not impossible, to trace. Cash makes it possible to do business “off the books.”

For decades, with the US leading the effort, governments have engaged in a War on Cash. The original justification for this war was to fight racketeering. The War on Cash morphed into the War on Drugs, then the War on Money Laundering, and subsequently, the War on Terror.

But now, central banks and their lackey governments have a new rationale for the War on Cash: the very existence of cash makes it more difficult to enforce negative interest rates. That’s a big deal, because nearly $3 trillion worth of bonds with negative interest rates have already been issued. Incredible as it may seem, investors actually pay financially insolvent governments for the privilege of buying their bonds. Negative interest rates punish banks that fail to make loans but instead maintain reserves at a central bank. And of course, they punish savers seeking a positive return on their investment.

The European Central Bank has had negative interest rates in effect since June 2014. These rates apply to the “deposit facility rate,” which is the rate on “excess reserves” banks maintain at the ECB. Currently, that rate is -0.2%. If you’re a bank in the eurozone, your “reserves” gradually dwindle in value if you don’t lend them out. For instance, after one year at a -0.2% rate, €1 million of your reserves would only be worth €998,000.

The Danish and Swiss national banks have gone even further, with negative interest rates of -0.75%. After a year, 1 million Danish krone or Swiss francs would be worth only DKK/CHF992,500, respectively.

This policy isn’t reserved just for banks. I hold a position of Swiss francs at a domestic brokerage house. A few weeks ago, I was informed that money market holdings over CHF100,000 would now be subject to negative interest rates. I suspect this policy will gradually percolate into money market accounts for all currencies sporting negative interest rates.

Now, I can understand why central banks impose negative interest rates. They’re desperate to reinvigorate national economies that remain mired in recession years after the economic collapse of 2007–2009.

I also understand the reluctance of banks to lend. Debt levels in developed economies, especially Japan and the eurozone, are at all-time highs. Indeed, debt levels have grown by 40% since the last financial crisis. And cash-strapped borrowers are the last candidates to which banks want to extend credit.

The bottom line is that developed economies are so deeply in dept that they can no longer grow. The solution the central banks offer is more debt, but debt issued at negative interest rates.

While I get dizzy when I start thinking about the concept of paying someone for the privilege of holding my money, there’s an easy, albeit inconvenient, way to deal with the problem. And that’s to hold assets in cash. After all, 100 Swiss francs in a floor safe will still be worth CHF100 in 12 months, not CHF99.25.

Banks and governments don’t like that option one bit. Citigroup Chief Economist Willem Buiter made headlines a few weeks ago when he proposed abolishing cash to allow banks to impose negative interest rates. He suggests negative interest rates as low as -6.0% annually be imposed in financial crises, to force banks to lend and consumers to spend.

Currently, the US doesn’t have any restrictions on spending cash or even moving it across a national border, although there are strict reporting rules. If you deposit or withdraw more than $10,000 from a bank or other financial institution, the bank must file a “currency transaction report” with the US Treasury. In some areas subject to “geographic targeting orders,” the limits are reduced to $3,000 or even less.

Most Americans know nothing about these rules, which has led to countless numbers of innocent people having their savings confiscated and in some cases even being imprisoned. I most recently wrote about this racket in this essay.

Other countries, though, have been much more aggressive in the War on Cash:
  • Italy has literally banned all cash transactions over €999.99. To pay €1,000 or more, you must use a debit card, credit card, a “non-transferrable check,” or pay by bank transfer. Violations are punished by confiscation of 40% of the amount paid.
  • In France, cash transactions over €1,000 are now illegal. It’s also a crime to send any amount of cash by mail.
  • In Spain, the limit is a little higher: €2,500. And you “only” lose 25% of your cash if you violate the rules.
Similar restrictions are in place in Belgium, Bulgaria, Greece, Mexico, Russia, Uruguay, and a handful of other countries.

Naturally, these restrictions are justified by the need to fight “tax evasion” and “terrorism.” But I think the real reason is to force savers to help prop up the tottering banking system. And don’t forget that the global “bail-in” model applies to these deposits. If a bank goes bust, depositors must share in the losses, as I discussed in this essay.

In the meantime, numerous banks have restricted the ability of customers to withdraw cash. In Switzerland, the Swiss National Bank – the country’s central bank – prohibited a large hedge fund from withdrawing cash out of its bank account to avoid negative interest rates.

Could these restrictions be a bellwether for outright confiscation or prohibition of cash? I don’t see that as likely, because it would raise such a political outcry. What’s somewhat more likely would be a cash recall along the model first proposed by former US Treasury Secretary Donald Regan in 1989.
Regan recommended that all $50 and $100 bills be recalled and replaced with a new currency. The changeover would occur in a 10-day period, Regan proposed, and the old money would no longer be legal tender after that time. Regan also recommended that anyone turning in more than $1,000 in old bills be forced to prove that they had paid all taxes on the cash and that it had not been generated through illegal activity. Otherwise, the cash would be confiscated.

Negative interest rates and the escalating restrictions on cash transactions are just two more indications of the desperate situation the global financial system faces. And they call for urgent defensive measures, such as:
  • Drawing down bank reserves and hoarding cash. Document the withdrawals carefully so that you can prove the origin of the cash in the event of a Don Regan-style currency recall. In the US, hold only newly issued bills. More than 95% of circulating bills have drug residues on them, which under US law can be confiscated, as I discussed in this essay.
  • Converting a portion of assets now in banks or in cash to gold. Store the gold securely at home or in a non-bank depository. If you have more than $100,000 of gold, consider keeping a portion of it in a private vault outside the country you live in.
  • Keep the assets you maintain in banks in ultra-strong banks, to avoid the coming bail-ins.
  • Finally… there’s no question that technologies  that will render obsolete central banks and indeed banks themselves are rapidly advancing. Bitcoin is a great example that’s worth looking into.
As I’ve said before, the global experiment in negative interest rates combined with escalating levels of debt will eventually end –  badly. I don’t know when it will happen, but when it does, it won’t be the central bankers and politicians who designed these policies who get burned. It will be ordinary citizens like you and me.

Get your assets out of the “too big to fail” banks – now. It’s only a matter of time before the SHTF.

Mark Nestman writes the Nestmann Notes.


  1. Their primary short term goal is to starve prescient underground markets as the Federal Government prepares for an all inclusive bail-in of the banking sector, many orders of magnitude larger than the warmup in Cypress. In Cypress it was Russian, and Cypriot citizens who were fleeced, here it will be savers, pensioners, retirees, safety deposit box holders, and anyone who has loose change. The Federal Government wants absolute control, and oversight of the banks newly acquired assets, as sealed at the G-20 meeting on November 16, 2014. That unknown day of infamy was when your bank account was striped from your hands, only to become little more than a communal cash cushion for the banks in times of need. The FDIC is now considered null and void, a vestigial red sash used by Federal Reserve to keep the serfs distracted long enough to allow the plunder to continue unabated.

    The secondary goal is to induce penury into the American consciousness, and private ledgers by using negative interest rates, and a tax on savings, all the while stoking paranoia in the American psyche so the population is more easily wrangled. In the end it will go down like a macabre game of "Musical Chairs" where there are only 35 chairs for every 350 people across the fruitless plains. To find a seat you will have to subordinate your own needs to the will of the state, and you will have to worship the all powerful state while on your penitent knees.

  2. Hold gold? As if the gov would take your cash but not your gold? To my knowledge gov never yet grabbed your existing cash (discounting Asset Forfeiture & various shams), but they did order US citizens to turn in all their gold except for jewelers using it to make things. After taking the gold at official rate of $35/oz, in gov hands, it became worth much more, i.e. the gov wiped out a great deal of gold owners wealth. Owning gold might be less safe than holding cash.

  3. Any recommendation for getting, say, $100k-$200k of your own legally earned and taxed money out of the bank without raising the eyebrows of the Gestapo? I imagine that twenty to forty withdrawals of $5k each over a period of a few months would bring a swat team to your door.

    1. Buy something really expensive, that will hold its value over time.

    2. you mean something like gold or silver??

  4. And probably worse you will have committed the crime of "structuring" to avoid reporting requirements so I think they can take your cash and maybe jail you. I don't know the law details for sure, but, Nope, No Can Do.

  5. Won't this whole process eventually push the States and central banks into a corner where in order to maintain their fiat currencies, they have stop printing their fiat currencies? Legal tender laws force everybody to accept fiat currency, but that has created a control problem for the debt machine. Is paper money destined to be simply receipts in a vault to backup electronic account balances? Won't that be very easy to counterfeit? We can't even get a reliable accounting of the gold stored in vaults. How would anybody know an electronic account actually has the fiat money in it if you're not actually allowed to have the money?